Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry’s standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

Contrary to popular belief, Lorem Ipsum is not simply random text. It has roots in a piece of classical Latin literature from 45 BC, making it over 2000 years old. Richard McClintock, a Latin professor at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia, looked up one of the more obscure Latin words, consectetur, from a Lorem Ipsum passage, and going through the cites of the word in classical literature, discovered the undoubtable source. Lorem Ipsum comes from sections 1.10.32 and 1.10.33 of “de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum” (The Extremes of Good and Evil) by Cicero, written in 45 BC. This book is a treatise on the theory of ethics, very popular during the Renaissance. The first line of Lorem Ipsum, “Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet..”, comes from a line in section 1.10.32.

The standard chunk of Lorem Ipsum used since the 1500s is reproduced below for those interested. Sections 1.10.32 and 1.10.33 from “de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum” by Cicero are also reproduced in their exact original form, accompanied by English versions from the 1914 translation by H. Rackham.


  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.
  • Maecenas sollicitudin justo vel vestibulum mollis.
  • Morbi dapibus quam at commodo porttitor.
  • Duis in est tempus, tempor nisl a, pharetra dolor.
  • Etiam in neque ut lacus efficitur auctor.
  • Mauris elementum lectus semper nisi faucibus tincidunt.
  • Proin non arcu vitae ipsum posuere fermentum.
  • Nulla in sapien vitae arcu convallis molestie a eget lacus.
  • Donec tincidunt erat eget massa faucibus semper.
  • Aliquam ac mauris eget dui eleifend interdum sed id augue.
  • Integer porta mi nec scelerisque posuere.
  • Nullam ac tellus nec elit condimentum volutpat.
  • Donec varius felis quis urna laoreet, ut maximus lectus fringilla.
  • Aliquam sed odio non orci faucibus convallis.
  • Sed quis felis consectetur, tristique ligula eu, imperdiet erat.
  • Donec in lacus vulputate, ultricies lorem viverra, sagittis nisl.
  • Morbi eu neque non diam gravida fringilla.